Daniel Buren

born 1938, Boulogne-Billancourt, France made a name for himself on the art scene in the 1960s. In 1965, he settled into an approach based on a striped canvas with alternating white and coloured, 8,7 cm‑wide stripes. The introduction in late 1967 of what he called a ‘visual tool’ laid the foundations for a practice that broke with tradition and opened up a multifaceted body of work in which freedom was born, as the artist likes to point out, out of both internal and external constraints. Daniel Buren explored this ‘visual tool’ by developing it on a flat surface and, from the end of the 1960s, in three dimensions.